The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) launched Chandrayaan-3 at 2.30 pm on Friday. A fiery spacecraft has reached the far side of the moon in a follow-up mission to its failed attempt to land a rover gently on the lunar surface nearly four years ago.
Chandrayaan-3, which is the word for “lunar craft” in Sanskrit, lifted off from the launch pad at Sriharikota in Odisha with an orbiter, a lander and a rover. The spacecraft was launched on GSLV Mark 3 (LVM 3) heavy lift. launcher.
Chandrayaan-3 is set to embark on a journey lasting just over a month before landing on the lunar surface later in August. Soft landing of Chandrayaan 3 scheduled for August 23 at 5:47 PM, ISRO chief said. A successful landing would make India the fourth country after the United States, the Soviet Union and China to do so.
The path of Chandrayaan-3 will be similar to that of Chandrayaan-2. It will consist of three phases Earth orbit maneuvers, translunar injection and Moon orbit maneuvers. After Chandrayaan-3 completes three stages, the lander will separate from the propulsion module, enter an orbit closer to the Moon and begin a soft landing.
Chandrayaan-3 will perform five orbital maneuvers around the Earth, each time increasing the distance it deviates from the Earth. After it completes the fifth maneuver, it will begin to move towards the Moon.
Chandrayaan-3: Reaching the Moon
Similar to its orbit maneuvers around Earth, Chandrayaan-3 will circle the moon four times, getting closer each time. It eventually reaches a 100 km x 100 km circular track.
At this point, the lander separates from the propulsion module and changes its trajectory to come within 30 km of the moon. Then the lander will begin soft landing procedures.
To ensure that the module is in the right place in the right place, precise calculations are made to ensure that the timing of the launch matches the timing of the Moon’s orbit around the Earth.
Chandrayaan-3’s journey from Earth to the Moon for the spacecraft is estimated to take about a month and is expected to land on August 23. After landing, one lunar day will work, which is approximately 14 Earth days. One day on the Moon is equal to 14 days on Earth.